Liverpool interests arranged for a survey in the mid-1750s for a possible waterway link from the River Mersey to the River Trent, but no plan has survived and it was not pursued. The seeds had been sown, however, and Staffordshire gentlemen then considered a canal from the Potteries area to the navigable part of the Trent, commissioning James Brindley in 1758 to investigate. He worked with the surveyor Hugh Henshall (later to be his brotherin-law and engineer of the canal after his death). After the proposals were approved by John Smeaton in 1760, Henshall drew the plan shown opposite, with tables of affected land ownerships. This is the original manuscript that was sent for engraving and printing by John Cary, the London mapmaker.
The route settled on was from Longbridge (now Longport) with a branch to Newcastleunder-Lyme to the Trent at Wilden Ferry. The shortest and easiest line would have kept to the north of the T...
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